Human-machine synergy: Bringing humans and autonomy into balance.

Prof. Dr. David Garlan
Carnegie Mellon University

Abstract: As the systems that we depend on become increasingly autonomous, a critical challenge is to understand how to engineer systems where humans and systems can work together synergistically to achieve their common goals. Adaptive systems research has largely focused on replacing humans with intelligent automation, thereby reducing the cost of operation, the likelihood of human error, and the time to put a course of adaptation into action. But for many such systems it is not possible or desirable to completely eliminate human involvement in adaptation. In this talk I explore some of the challenges in achieving an appropriate balance, and outline some promising directions that research might take to address these challenges.

Bio: David Garlan is a Professor of Computer Science in the School of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University, where he has been on the faculty since 1990. He received his Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon in 1987 and worked as a software architect in industry between 1987 and 1990. His interests include software architecture, self-adaptive systems, formal methods, and cyber-physical systems. He is a co-author of two books on software architecture: "Software Architecture: Perspectives on an Emerging Discipline", and "Documenting Software Architecture: Views and Beyond." In 2005 he received a Stevens Award Citation for “fundamental contributions to the development and understanding of software architecture as a discipline in software engineering.” In 2011 he received the Outstanding Research award from ACM SIGSOFT for “significant and lasting software engineering research contributions through the development and promotion of software architecture.” He is a Fellow of the ACM and the IEEE.

Industrial Immune Response to Cyberattacks – Is this even possible?

Dr. Lalit K. Mestha
Principal Engineer
GE Global Research

Abstract: Targeted attacks on industrial control systems (ICS) have increased enormously due to increased network connectivity since the days of Stuxnet malware. Recent data from Cybersecurity Control Systems have revealed that sophisticated malware/virus sitting inside the ICS software remains inactive for as many as 400+ days whereas the same for 205 days in computer networks. In human body, once the body is infected, the immune system detects & removes / destroys threats from numerous pathogens (e.g., viruses, bacteria and parasites). What is needed to physical systems is advances in computational disciplines that provide self-resiliency to cyber-attacks to provide uninterrupted, equipment-safe, controlled operation always or whenever the malware becomes active and attacks the system. This presentation is designed to give a glimpse of the problem & opportunities available to the community and highlight active areas of research that are currently pursued in industry and academia.

Bio: Dr. Lalit K. Mestha is a Principal Engineer at GE Global Research and a Fellow of Institution of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE). Lalit’s present research is in cybersecurity of control systems and biomedical systems. He works in the Industrial Outcome Optimization Discipline and is a Principal Investigator on a Department of Energy’s Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems (DOE/CEDS) funded research project “Cyber-Attack Detection and Accommodation for the Energy Delivery System”. Lalit received his Ph.D. from the University of Bath, England in 1985 and his BE in 1982, from the University of Mysore, India, all in EE. To date, Lalit has been awarded 239 US patents (with 15 pending in cybersecurity), a total of 378 publications (including journals, patent applications & books). Prior to joining GE Global Research, Lalit worked for 21 years in Xerox Research Labs (PARC). As a Research Fellow at PARC, Lalit pursued ideas in sensing in transportation & healthcare using contact/non-contact imaging devices and in controls and sensing systems for digital production printers and particle accelerators. His research is engineered in many digital color presses, sensors and particle accelerators. Lalit is inducted to Xerox Hall of Fame, and is a recipient of 2014 Engineer of the Year Award, Anne Mulcahy Inventor Award and 2006 Control System Technology Award by IEEE.

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